The Federal College of Education, Abeokuta was established in 1976 as the Federal Advanced Teachers College, in addition to three other similar Colleges that were previously in existence at Okene, Pankshins and Yola. It is the first and the oldest Tertiary institution in Ogun State. The College started at the then Abeokuta Grammar School, Isale-Igbein right in the centre of Abeokuta, capital of Ogun State.
The mission of the College is to offer all round total quality teaching and research in a conducive learning friendly environment. In line with the provision of the act establishing it, the college is primarily establish to provide full-time courses of teaching, instruction, and training in technology, applied science, commerce, arts, social sciences, humanities and management and to carry out research in the development and adaptation of techniques.